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 文章主題 : 金絲桃(金絲梅)Hypericum
文章發表於 : 週二 11月 02, 2010 12:08 pm 1 
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註冊時間: 週五 8月 17, 2007 9:02 am
文章: 2353
來自: 島南
金絲桃(金絲梅)Hypericum
英俗名:Tutsan
藤黃科Clusiaceae (金絲桃科)
金絲桃屬(學名:Hypericum),在藤黃科之中大約有400個物種。

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypericum
自古典時代即被製成草藥
主要成份Hypericin和Hyperforin
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypericin
Hypericin is believed to act as an antibiotic and non-specific kinase inhibitor. Hypericin may inhibit the action of the enzyme dopamine β-hydroxylase, leading to increased dopamine levels, although thus possibly decreasing norepinephrine and epinephrine.
Hyperforin
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperforin
Pharmacology
(Hyperforin is believed to be the primary active constituent responsible for the antidepressant and anxiolytic properties of the extracts of St. John's wort.[8]
Antibiotic
Hyperforin has antibiotic properties and is active against methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 1.0 μg/ml,[13] as well as against other gram-positive bacteria.[14]

模式種
Hypericum perforatum-----St John's wort
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_John%27s_Wort
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Categ ... perforatum
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: ... tum_01.jpg
圖檔
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: ... um_003.JPG
圖檔

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lake_Plant_4.JPG
圖檔

Hypericum calycinum cv."Hidcote"
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Categ ... _calycinum
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hyper ... smania.jpg
圖檔
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hyper ... 750pix.jpg
圖檔

Hypericum inodorum" Magical Passion "
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hyper ... sion_A.jpg
圖檔

Hypericum × moserianum
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Categ ... moserianum
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: ... ianum0.jpg
圖檔

Hypericum olympicum
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Categ ... _olympicum
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dziur ... cum_02.jpg
圖檔

Hypericum anagalloides--- Creeping St. John's-wort, tinker's penny and Bog St. John's-wort.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypericum_anagalloides
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hyper ... loides.jpg
圖檔

Hypericum androsaemum----tutsan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypericum_androsaemum
The common name tutsan appears to be a corruption of toute saine literally meaning all-healthy. This is probably in reference to its healing properties. The leaves are used applied to wounds, and as a stomachich. Nicholas Culpeper, in his 1653 publication Culpeper's Complete Herbal, says "Tutsan purgeth choleric humours ... both to cure sciatica and gout, and to heal burnings by fire." It will also stop bleeding and heal wounds and sores. Apparently it works just as well if it swallowed or used as a salve or ointment. The berries which turn from white/green, to red, to black are poisonous. [1]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dziur ... mum_01.jpg
圖檔
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: ... aemum2.jpg
圖檔
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: ... aemum5.jpg
圖檔

Hypericum balearicum
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypericum_balearicum
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hyper ... aricum.jpg
圖檔

Hypericum amblycalyx
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: ... ycalyx.JPG
圖檔

Hypericum canariense
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Categ ... canariense
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: ... -02-13.JPG
圖檔

Hypericum hookerianum
圖檔

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: ... um_003.JPG
圖檔

Hypericum kalmianum
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Categ ... _kalmianum

Hypericum patulum----金絲梅
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Categ ... um_patulum
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: ... cote_A.jpg
圖檔

Hypericum Hidcote
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: ... ower_1.jpg
圖檔

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File: ... dcote1.jpg
圖檔

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