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 文章主題 : 補充鈣片與心血管疾病的風險
文章發表於 : 週四 4月 21, 2011 1:07 am 1 
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註冊時間: 週五 8月 22, 2008 7:35 pm
文章: 1580
來自: 自由廣闊的台灣荒野
Calcium supplements with or without vitamin D and risk of cardiovascular events: reanalysis of the Women’s Health Initiative limited access dataset and meta-analysis

Mark J Bolland, senior research fellow1, Andrew Grey, associate professor1, Alison Avenell, clinical research fellow2, Greg D Gamble, research fellow1, Ian R Reid, professor of medicine and endocrinology1

BMJ 2011; 342:d2040 doi: 10.1136/bmj.d2040 (Published 19 April 2011)
Cite this as: BMJ 2011; 342:d2040


Abstract

Objectives
To investigate the effects of personal calcium supplement use on cardiovascular risk in the Women’s Health Initiative Calcium/Vitamin D Supplementation Study (WHI CaD Study), using the WHI dataset, and to update the recent meta-analysis of calcium supplements and cardiovascular risk.

Design
Reanalysis of WHI CaD Study limited access dataset and incorporation in meta-analysis with eight other studies.

Data source
WHI CaD Study, a seven year, randomised, placebo controlled trial of calcium and vitamin D (1g calcium and 400 IU vitamin D daily) in 36 282 community dwelling postmenopausal women.

Main outcome measures
Incidence of four cardiovascular events and their combinations (myocardial infarction, coronary revascularisation, death from coronary heart disease, and stroke) assessed with patient-level data and trial-level data.

Results
In the WHI CaD Study there was an interaction between personal use of calcium supplements and allocated calcium and vitamin D for cardiovascular events. In the 16 718 women (46%) who were not taking personal calcium supplements at randomisation the hazard ratios for cardiovascular events with calcium and vitamin D ranged from 1.13 to 1.22 (P=0.05 for clinical myocardial infarction or stroke, P=0.04 for clinical myocardial infarction or revascularisation), whereas in the women taking personal calcium supplements cardiovascular risk did not alter with allocation to calcium and vitamin D. In meta-analyses of three placebo controlled trials, calcium and vitamin D increased the risk of myocardial infarction (relative risk 1.21 (95% confidence interval 1.01 to 1.44), P=0.04), stroke (1.20 (1.00 to 1.43), P=0.05), and the composite of myocardial infarction or stroke (1.16 (1.02 to 1.32), P=0.02). In meta-analyses of placebo controlled trials of calcium or calcium and vitamin D, complete trial-level data were available for 28 072 participants from eight trials of calcium supplements and the WHI CaD participants not taking personal calcium supplements. In total 1384 individuals had an incident myocardial infarction or stroke. Calcium or calcium and vitamin D increased the risk of myocardial infarction (relative risk 1.24 (1.07 to 1.45), P=0.004) and the composite of myocardial infarction or stroke (1.15 (1.03 to 1.27), P=0.009).

Conclusions
Calcium supplements with or without vitamin D modestly increase the risk of cardiovascular events, especially myocardial infarction, a finding obscured in the WHI CaD Study by the widespread use of personal calcium supplements. A reassessment of the role of calcium supplements in osteoporosis management is warranted.


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_________________
山不在高,有仙則名。
水不在深,有龍則靈。
無絲竹之亂耳,無案牘之勞形。
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 文章主題 : Re: 補充鈣片與心血管疾病的風險
文章發表於 : 週四 4月 21, 2011 11:24 am 2 
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Angel
Angel
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註冊時間: 週五 8月 22, 2008 7:35 pm
文章: 1580
來自: 自由廣闊的台灣荒野
所以女性若年輕時鈣攝取不足
等停經後擔心骨質疏鬆才補充鈣或Vit D
可能得不到好處,反而增加風險

可能的機制是因增加血管鈣化的機會
或是血鈣增加而促進了經由Ca-sensing receptor的血小板凝集

_________________
山不在高,有仙則名。
水不在深,有龍則靈。
無絲竹之亂耳,無案牘之勞形。


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